A quick overview of the birth of Caliphate and Islam.
- From Byzantine to Islamic Egypt: Religion, Identity and Politics After the Arab Conquest. Maged Mikhail.
- Muhammad and the Believers: At the Origins of Islam. Fred Donner
- The Early Coptic Papacy. Steven J. Davis
- The Story of the Church of Egypt. E.L. Butcher
- The History of the Patriarchs. in English, translation of 13th century “Vulgate” version by B. Evetts . Available at: http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/severus_hermopolis_hist_alex_patr_01_part1.htm#FIRST_PREFACE
- The Coptic Encyclopedia. Edited by Aziz A. Atiya. Available at: http://ccdl.libraries.claremont.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/cce
- The Chronicles of John, Bishop of Nikiu. John of Nikiu. Translated by R. H. Charles. Available at: http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/nikiu1_intro.htm
- Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests. W.E Kaegi
- The Early Islamic Conquests. Fred Donner
- The Arab Conquest of Egypt. A.J. Butler.
Music credit: Lullaby of Democracy. Doctor Turtle